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Frequency-selective MEMS for miniaturized low-power communication devices

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1 Author(s)
Nguyen, C.T.-C. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Eng., Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA

With Q's in the tens to hundreds of thousands, micromachined vibrating resonators are proposed as integrated circuit-compatible tanks for use in the low phase-noise oscillators and highly selective filters of communications subsystems. To date, LF oscillators have been fully integrated using merged CMOS/microstructure technologies, and bandpass filters consisting of spring-coupled micromechanical resonators have been demonstrated in a frequency range from HF to VHF. In particular, two-resonator micromechanical bandpass filters have been demonstrated with frequencies up to 35 MHz, percent bandwidths on the order of 0.2%, and insertion losses less than 2 dB. Higher order three-resonator filters with frequencies near 455 kHz have also been achieved, with equally impressive insertion losses for 0.09% bandwidths, and with more than 64 dB of passband rejection. Additionally, free-beam single-pole resonators have recently been realized with frequencies up to 92 MHz and Q's around 8000. Evidence suggests that the ultimate frequency range of this high-Q tank technology depends upon material limitations, as well as design constraints, in particular, to the degree of electromechanical coupling achievable in microscale resonators

Published in:

Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:47 ,  Issue: 8 )