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A time-varying Prony method for instantaneous frequency estimation at low SNR

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2 Author(s)
Beex, A.A. ; Bradley Dept. of Electr. Eng., Virginia Polytech. Inst. & State Univ., Blacksburg, VA, USA ; Peijun Shan

Most available instantaneous frequency (IF) estimation methods for frequency modulated signals in white noise deteriorate dramatically when SNR falls below some threshold. We present a time-varying Prony method for IF estimation from low SNR data. It is an extension of a frequency estimation method for stationary processes which was shown to be less complicated than, yet close in performance to, the best available approaches based on singular value decomposition or the principle of maximum likelihood. First, the time-varying autoregressive order is set higher than that needed for pure signal components so that the extra poles capture part of the noise. Then we choose “signal poles” based on a subset selection procedure. The performance improvement at low SNR over the TVAR method without subset selection is evidenced through simulation experiments

Published in:

Circuits and Systems, 1999. ISCAS '99. Proceedings of the 1999 IEEE International Symposium on  (Volume:3 )

Date of Conference:

Jul 1999