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Color-defective vision and computer graphics displays

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2 Author(s)
G. W. Meyer ; Dept. of Comput. & Inf. Sci., Oregan Univ., Eugene, OR, USA ; D. P. Greenberg

A color space defined by the fundamental spectral sensitivity functions of the human visual system is used to assist in the design of computer graphics displays for color-deficient users. The functions are derived in terms of the CIE standard observer color-matching functions. The Farnsworth-Munsell 100-hue test, a widely used color vision test administered using physical color samples, is then implemented on a digitally controlled color television monitor. The flexibility of this computer graphics medium is then used to extend the Farnsworth-Munsell test in a way that improves the specificity of the diagnoses rendered by the test. The issue of how the world appears to color-deficient observers is addressed, and a full-color image is modified to represent a color-defective view of the scene. Specific guidelines are offered for the design of computer graphics displays that will accommodate almost all color-deficient users.<>

Published in:

IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 5 )