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The GPS phase measurements described in this paper were obtained using two similar multichannel GPS ASHTECH Z12T receivers belonging to the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures, BIPM, and the Laboratoire Primaire du Temps et des Frequences, BNM-LPTF. These receivers are based on the conventional geodetic ASHTECH Z12 unit, which has been modified to meet the stability requirements of time and frequency comparisons. Comparison of the two receivers operated side by side in different antenna configurations shows typical short-term noise of 1.1 to 3.5 ps. Longer term variations indicate a temperature sensitivity in the equipment, which limits the performance of the GPS phase method. One of the receivers was successfully operated using a temperature-stabilized antenna TSA from 3S Navigation, and the ASHTECH antenna, which feeds the second receiver, was placed in a home-built oven maintained at a constant temperature. These precautions made it possible to reduce a number of systematic effects. A separate study of frequency comparison was carried out between two hydrogen-masers located at the BNM-LPTF (Paris, France) and the PTB (Braunschweig, Germany) using receivers similar to ASHTECH Z12T receivers. The relative frequency stability obtained was about 3.3/spl times/10/sup -15/ for an average time of 15 000 s, an interesting result comparable with the outstanding performance of new ultrastable frequency standards.