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Spatial-temporal equalization for IS-136 TDMA systems with rapid dispersive fading and cochannel interference

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3 Author(s)
Ye Li ; Wireless Syst. Res. Dept., AT&T Labs., Red Bank, NJ, USA ; J. H. Winters ; N. R. Sollenberger

In this paper, we investigate spatial-temporal equalization for IS-136 time-division multiple-access (TDMA) cellular/PCS systems to suppress intersymbol interference and cochannel interference and improve communication quality. This research emphasizes channels with large Doppler frequency (up to 184 Hz), delay dispersion under one symbol duration, and strong cochannel interference. We first present the structure of the optimum spatial-temporal decision-feedback equalizer (DFE) and linear equalizer and derive closed-form expressions for the equalizer parameters and mean-square error (MSE) for the case of known channel parameters. Since the channel can change within an IS-136 time slot, the spatial-temporal equalizer requires parameter tracking techniques. Therefore, we present three parameter tracking algorithms: the diagonal loading minimum MSE algorithm, which uses diagonal loading to improve tracking ability, the two-stage tracking algorithm, which uses diagonal loading in combination with a reduced complexity architecture, and the simplified two-stage tracking algorithm, which further reduces complexity to one M×M and one 3×3 matrix inversion for weight calculation with M antennas. For a four-antenna system, the simplified two-stage tracking algorithm can attain a 10-2 bit error rate (BER) when the channel delay spread is half of the symbol duration and the signal-to-interference ratio (SIR) of the system is as low as 5 dB, making it a computationally feasible technique to enhance system performance for IS-136 TDMA systems

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 4 )