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Optical waveguide isolator based on nonreciprocal loss/gain of amplifier covered by ferromagnetic layer

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2 Author(s)
Zaets, W. ; Electrotech. Lab., Ibaraki, Japan ; Ando, K.

The effect of nonreciprocal loss/gain of a waveguide optical amplifier covered by an absorbing magnetooptic layer was studied for the first time, it is shown that the optical loss/gain of this amplifier differs for the forward and backward propagation when the magnetization is perpendicular to the light propagation and lies in the film plane. Using this effect a new design of an optical isolator is proposed, which is beneficial for monolithic integration of the optical isolator with a laser diode. A calculation predicts an isolation ratio as high as 180 dB/cm for GaAs/sub 1-x/P/sub x/-Al/sub 1-x/Ga/sub x/As optical amplifier covered by a Co layer.

Published in:

Photonics Technology Letters, IEEE  (Volume:11 ,  Issue: 8 )

Date of Publication:

Aug. 1999

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