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A power transformer protection technique with stability during current transformer saturation and ratio-mismatch conditions

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3 Author(s)
Sidhu, T.S. ; Power Syst. Res. Group, Saskatchewan Univ., Saskatoon, Sask., Canada ; Gill, H.S. ; Sachdev, M.S.

This paper describes a digital technique for protecting power transformers. The technique uses positive- and negative-sequence models of the power system in a fault-detection algorithm. While phase voltages and currents at the transformer terminals are used to detect a fault, no information concerning parameters of the transformer and power system is required. The performance of the proposed technique was studied for a variety of operating conditions using data generated by EMTP simulations. The impact of ratio-mismatch and saturation of current transformers on the performance of the technique was also examined. Results indicate that the proposed technique is stable during these conditions

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Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 3 )