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Tracking control of mechanical systems in the presence of nonlinear dynamic friction effects

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3 Author(s)
P. Vedagarbha ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Clemson Univ., SC, USA ; D. M. Dawson ; M. Feemster

In this paper, we design an observer-based exact model knowledge position tracking controller for a second-order mechanical system with nonlinear load dynamics and a nonlinear dynamic friction model. Since the controller requires an estimate of the unmeasurable friction state, we demonstrate how the friction dynamics can be exploited to design three different observers which foster different transient response characteristics for the composite closed-loop system. We then present two adaptive controllers which utilize nonlinear observer/filter structures to provide for asymptotic position tracking while compensating for selected parametric uncertainty. Dynamic simulation and experimental results are utilized to illustrate control performance

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 4 )