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A new look at entropy for solving linear inverse problems

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3 Author(s)
Le Besnerais, G. ; ONERA, Chatillon, France ; Bercher, J.-F. ; Demoment, G.

Entropy-based methods are widely used for solving inverse problems, particularly when the solution is known to be positive. Here, we address linear ill-posed and noisy inverse problems of the form z=Ax+n with a general convex constraint x∈X, where X is a convex set. Although projective methods are well adapted to this context, we study alternative methods which rely highly on some “information-based” criteria. Our goal is to clarify the role played by entropy in this field, and to present a new point of view on entropy, using general tools and results coming from convex analysis. We present then a new and broad scheme for entropic-based inversion of linear-noisy inverse problems. This scheme was introduced by Navaza in 1985 in connection with a physical modeling for crystallographic applications, and further studied by Dacunha-Castelle and Gamboa (1990). Important features of this paper are: (i) a unified presentation of many well-known reconstruction criteria, (ii) proposal of new criteria for reconstruction under various prior knowledge and with various noise statistics, (iii) a description of practical inversion of data using the aforementioned criteria, and (iv) a presentation of some reconstruction results

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Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 5 )