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Performance analysis of data packet discarding in ATM networks

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2 Author(s)
Yonghwan Kim ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Texas Univ., Austin, TX, USA ; San-Qi Li

Data performance in ATM networks should be measured on the packet level instead of the cell level, since one or more cell losses within each packet is equivalent to the loss of the packet itself. Two packet-level control schemes, packet tail discarding and early packet discarding, were proposed to improve data performance. In this paper, a new stochastic modeling technique is developed for performance evaluation of two existing packet-discarding schemes at a single bottleneck node. We assume that the data arrival process is independent of the nodal congestion, which may represent the unspecified bit-rate traffic class in ATM networks, where no end-to-end feedback control mechanism is implemented. Through numerical study, we explore the effects of buffer capacity, control threshold, packet size, source access rate, underlying high-priority real-time traffic, and loading factor on data performance, and discuss their design tradeoffs. Our study shows that a network system can he entirely shut down in an overload period if no packet-discarding control scheme is implemented, under the assumption that there are no higher layer congestion avoidance schemes. Further, unless with sufficiently large buffer capacity, early packet discarding (EPD) always outperforms packet tail discarding (PTD) significantly under most renditions. Especially under the overload condition, EPD can always achieve about 100% goodput and 0% badput, whereas the PTD performance deteriorates rapidly. Among all the factors, the packet size has a dominant impact on EPD performance. The optimal selection of the EPD queue control threshold to achieve the maximum goodput is found to be relatively insensitive to traffic statistics

Published in:

IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 2 )