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International comparison of thermal noise-temperature measurements at 2, 4, and 12 GHz

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8 Author(s)
Randa, J. ; Nat. Inst. of Stand. & Technol., Boulder, CO, USA ; Achkar, J. ; Buchholz, F.-I. ; Colard, T.
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We discuss an international comparison of thermal noise-power measurements (GTRF-92-2), which has recently been completed under the auspices of the Consultative Committee for Electricity and Magnetism (CCEM). The noise temperatures of two solid-state sources with GPC-7 connectors were measured at 2, 4, and 12 GHz at the national laboratories in France, Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Good agreement was found among the results from the different laboratories, with all results agreeing within the expanded uncertainties, which ranged from approximately 0.5% to 2.9%. The comparison was performed in accordance with the guidelines recently adopted by the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM)

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Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 2 )