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Electronic design of a multichannel programmable implant for neuromuscular electrical stimulation

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2 Author(s)
Arabi, K. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Ecole de Technol. Superieure, Montreal, Que., Canada ; Sawan, M.A.

An advanced stimulator for neuromuscular stimulation of spinal cord injured patients has been developed. The stimulator is externally controlled and powered by a single encoded radio frequency carrier and has four independently controlled bipolar stimulation channels. It offers a wide range of reprogrammability and flexibility, and can be used in many neuromuscular electrical stimulation applications. The implant system is adaptable to patient's needs and to future developments in stimulation algorithms by reprogramming the stimulator. The stimulator is capable of generating a wide range of stimulation waveforms and stimulation patterns and therefore is very suitable for selective nerve stimulation techniques. The reliability of the implant has been increased by using a forward error detection and correction communication protocol and by designing the chip for structural testability based on scan test approach. Implemented testability scheme makes it possible to verify the complete functionality of the implant before and after implantation. The stimulators architecture is designed to be modular and therefore its different blocks can be reused as standard building blocks in the design and implementation of other neuromuscular prostheses. Design for low-power techniques have also been employed to reduce power consumption of the electronic circuitry

Published in:

Rehabilitation Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 2 )

Date of Publication:

Jun 1999

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