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Complete controllability of an N-bus dynamic power system model

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3 Author(s)
Mingguo Hong ; ALSTOM ESCA Corp., Bellevue, WA, USA ; Chen-Ching Liu ; M. Gibescu

As the computational and analytical methods for voltage stability assessment become more mature, voltage control becomes a primary issue. Power systems are large, nonlinear, and dynamic. During the last three decades, the application of differential geometry in the area of nonlinear control has produced significant results for the controllability analysis. This paper is concerned with the controllability problem of power systems using the differential geometric methods. The modeled control devices include the mechanical power input to generators, VAr compensation devices, and tap settings of the on-load tap changers. Conceptually, the main result of this research is the characterization and construction of a complete controllability region, within which a power system can be steered from one state to another by use of piecewise constant controls. The results are obtained for two cases: (1) unbounded piecewise constant controls and (2) bounded piecewise constant controls. A complete controllability region identifies the limitations of the available controls of a power system. The proposed method is believed to be significant since it is a new and systematic approach to the analysis of power system controllability using a nonlinear control system model

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Fundamental Theory and Applications  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 6 )