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Beamformer architectures for active phased-array radar antennas

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2 Author(s)
Agrawal, Ashok K. ; Lockheed Martin Gov. Electron. Syst., Moorestown, NJ, USA ; Holzman, E.L.

In active phased-array antennas, the transmit and receive functions are distributed at the antenna aperture using transmit and receive (T/R) modules. The use of T/R modules provides a significant improvement in antenna performance and flexibility in the choice of array architectures. We present a review of various beamformer architectures for active phased-array antennas. This review is limited to corporate-fed active phased-array antennas for radar applications. Beamformer architectures for narrow and wide bandwidth arrays, including the choice of applying an amplitude taper in the T/R module or beamformer network are discussed. Beamformer architectures that increase antenna reliability are also presented

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:47 ,  Issue: 3 )