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A novel multilevel coherent optical system: 4-quadrature signaling

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4 Author(s)
Betti, S. ; Fondazione Ugo Bordoni, Rome, Italy ; Curti, F. ; De Marchis, G. ; Iannone, E.

A novel multilevel coherent optical system is proposed. It is based on the exploitation of the property that the electromagnetic field propagating in a single-mode optical fiber can be represented by a four-dimensional vector whose components are the phase and quadrature terms of the two polarization components of the electrical field. This allows a wider use of the resources of the electromagnetic field for information transmission in order to obtain a spectrally efficient modulation format with a limited end. The net performance gain with respect to multilevel amplitude and phase modulation (N-APK) and N-PSK increases with an increase in the number of levels N. For instance, for N=32 the gain is 1.6 and 7.7 dB with respect to N-APK and N-PSK systems. The effect of laser phase noise on the system performance is evaluated

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Lightwave Technology, Journal of  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 4 )