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Voice packetization and compression in broadband ATM networks

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3 Author(s)
K. Sriram ; AT&T Bell Lab., Holmdel, NJ, USA ; R. S. McKinney ; M. H. Sherif

Some methods of supporting voice in broadband ISDN, (B-ISDN) asynchronous transfer mode (ATM), including voice compression, are examined. Techniques for voice compression with variable-length packet format at DS1 transmission rate, e.g., wideband packet technology (WPT), have been successfully implemented utilizing embedded adaptive differential pulse code modulation (ADPCM) coding, digital speech interpolation (DSI), and block-dropping schemes. For supporting voice in B-ISDN, voice compression techniques are considered that are similar to those used in WPT but with different packetization and congestion control methods designed for the fixed-length ATM protocol at high speeds. Possible approaches for packetization and implementation of variable-bit-rate voice coding schemes are described. ADPCM and DSI for voice coding and compression and cell discarding (CD) for congestion control are considered. The advantages of voice compression and CD in broadband ATM networks are demonstrated in terms of transmission bandwidth savings and resiliency of the network during congestion

Published in:

IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 3 )