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Performance of image and video processing with general-purpose processors and media ISA extensions

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3 Author(s)
Ranganathan, P. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Rice Univ., Houston, TX, USA ; Adve, S. ; Jouppi, N.P.

This paper aims to provide a quantitative understanding of the performance of image and video processing applications on general-purpose processors, without and with media ISA extensions. We use detailed simulation of 12 benchmarks to study the effectiveness of current architectural features and identify future challenges for these workloads. Our results show that conventional techniques in current processors to enhance instruction-level parallelism (ILP) provide a factor of 2.3 X to 4.2 X performance improvement. The Sun VIS media ISA extensions provide an additional 1.1 X to 4.2 X performance improvement. The ILP features and media ISA extensions significantly reduce the CPU component of execution time, making 5 of the image processing benchmarks memory-bound. The memory behavior of our benchmarks is characterized by large working sets and streaming data accesses. Increasing the cache size has no impact on 8 of the benchmarks. The remaining benchmarks require relatively large cache sizes (dependent on the display sizes) to exploit data reuse, but derive less than 1.2 X performance benefits with the larger caches. Software prefetching provides 1.4 X to 2.5 X performance improvement in the image processing benchmarks where memory is a significant problem. With the addition of software prefetching, all our benchmarks revert to being compute-bound

Published in:

Computer Architecture, 1999. Proceedings of the 26th International Symposium on

Date of Conference:

1999