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Tunable microwave and millimeter-wave band-pass filters

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2 Author(s)
J. Uher ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Ottawa Univ., Ont., Canada ; W. J. R. Hoefer

The authors present an overview of tunable microwave and millimeter-wave bandpass filters realized in different technologies. Some general design principles are described. Recent progress in the performance of various tunable filters is reported. The authors survey magnetically tunable filters (ferrimagnetic resonance filters, magnetostatic-wave filters, evanescent waveguide filters, E-plane printed circuit filters), electronically tunable filters, and mechanically tunable filters. The typical performance parameters are summarized. This comparison shown that none of these devices can simultaneously satisfy all requirements for perfect tunable filters. For microwave systems where multioctave tuning is essential, a YIG filter is an obvious choice. In systems where the requirement of high power handling capability combined with low insertion loss, predominates, mechanically tunable filters and magnetically tunable E-plane filters are recommended. If the tuning speed is a crucial requirement, varactor-tuned filters or E-plane filters with ferrite toroids are devices of choice. For millimeter-wave design, the most promising structures are ferrimagnetic resonance filters utilizing hexagonal ferrite resonators or, up to 60 GHz, magnetically tunable E-plane printed circuit filters

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques  (Volume:39 ,  Issue: 4 )