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Coherent and incoherent crosstalk in WDM optical networks

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3 Author(s)
Yunfeng Shen ; Opt. Commun. Centre, Beijing Univ. of Posts & Telecommun., China ; Kejie Lu ; Wanyi Gu

The impact of coherent and incoherent crosstalk on an optical signal passing through optical cross-connect nodes (OXC's) in wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) optical networks is studied, and the analytical expressions are given. Such crosstalk will be generated when the optical propagation delay differences of optical paths in an OXC do not exceed the coherent time of the lasers. While causing fluctuation of signal power, coherent crosstalk may cause noise or not, depending on the relationship between the optical propagation delay differences and the time duration of one bit of the signal. Incoherent crosstalk may cause very high noise power, because it can be a coherent combination of crosstalk contributions. The statistical impact of all crosstalk contributions on signal is studied by simulation, and the concept of quantile is proposed to relax the crosstalk specification requirement for components. The crosstalk specification requirements are then obtained for components used in WDM optical networks with different scales

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Lightwave Technology, Journal of  (Volume:17 ,  Issue: 5 )