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Lossless, near-lossless, and refinement coding of bilevel images

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2 Author(s)
B. Martins ; Dept. of Telecommun., Tech. Univ., Lyngby, Denmark ; S. Forchhammer

We present general and unified algorithms for lossy/lossless coding of bilevel images. The compression is realized by applying arithmetic coding to conditional probabilities. As in the current JBIG standard the conditioning may be specified by a template. For better compression, the more general free tree may be used. Loss may be introduced in a preprocess on the encoding side to increase compression. The primary algorithm is a rate-distortion controlled greedy flipping of pixels. Though being general, the algorithms are primarily aimed at material containing half-toned images as a supplement to the specialized soft pattern matching techniques that work better for text. Template based refinement coding is applied for lossy-to-lossless refinement. Introducing only a small amount of loss in half-toned test images, compression is increased by up to a factor of four compared with JBIG. Lossy, lossless, and refinement decoding speed and lossless encoding speed are less than a factor of two slower than JBIG. The (de)coding method is proposed as part of JBIG2, an emerging international standard for lossless/lossy compression of bilevel images

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Image Processing  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 5 )