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Small sample error rate estimation for k-NN classifiers

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1 Author(s)
S. M. Weiss ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ, USA

Small sample error rate estimators for nearest-neighbor classifiers are examined and contrasted with the same estimators for three-nearest-neighbor classifiers. The performance of the bootstrap estimators, e0 and 0.632B, is considered relative to leaving-one-out and other cross-validation estimators. Monte Carlo simulations are used to measure the performance of the error-rate estimators. The experimental results are compared to previously reported simulations for nearest-neighbor classifiers and alternative classifiers. It is shown that each of the estimators has strengths and weaknesses for varying apparent and true error-rate situations. A combined estimator that corrects the leaving-one-out estimator (by combining bootstrap and cross-validation estimators) gives strong results over a broad range of situations

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 3 )