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A low-jitter PLL clock generator for microprocessors with lock range of 340-612 MHz

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1 Author(s)
Boerstler, D.W. ; Res. Lab., IBM Corp., Austin, TX, USA

A fully integrated, phase-locked loop (PLL) clock generator/phase aligner for the POWER3 microprocessor has been designed using a 2.5-V, 0.40-μm digital CMOS6S process. The PLL design supports multiple integer and noninteger frequency multiplication factors for both the processor clock and an L2 cache clock. The fully differential delay-interpolating voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) is tunable over a frequency range determined by programmable frequency limit settings, enhancing yield and application flexibility. PLL lock range for the maximum VCO frequency range settings is 340-612 MHz. The charge-pump current is programmable for additional control of the PLL loop dynamics. A differential on-chip loop filter with common-mode correction improves noise rejection. Cycle-cycle jitter measurements with the microprocessor actively executing instructions were 10.0 ps rms, 80 ps peak to peak (P-P) measured from the clock tree. Cycle-cycle jitter measured for the processor in a reset state with the clock tree active was 8.4 ps rms, 62 ps P-P. PLL area is 1040×640 μm2. Power dissipation is <100 mW

Published in:

Solid-State Circuits, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:34 ,  Issue: 4 )

Date of Publication:

Apr 1999

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