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Characterization of Yb3+:Sr5-xBax(PO4)3 F crystals for diode-pumped lasers

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4 Author(s)
A. J. Bayramian ; Lawrence Livermore Nat. Lab., CA, USA ; C. D. Marshall ; K. I. Schaffers ; S. A. Payne

Ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F (S-FAP) has been shown to be a useful material for diode pumping, since it displays high gain, low loss, and a long radiative lifetime. One of the issues with S-FAP is that it has a relatively narrow absorption bandwidth (~5 nm) at 900 nm, the diode-pumping wavelength, while the diode's output bandwidth can be large (~10 nm). By changing the host slightly, the absorption feature can be broadened to better match the pump bandwidth. Four mixed crystal boules of Yb3+:Sr5-x Bax(PO4)3F were grown by the Czochralski method with x=0.25: 0.5, 1, and 2. The bandwidth of the 900-nm absorption feature was found to grow with increasing barium concentration from 4.7 nm to a maximum of 15.9 nm. Emission spectra showed a similar bandwidth increase with barium content from 4.9 nm to a maximum of 10 nm. Emission cross sections for these materials were deduced by the methods of reciprocity, the Einstein method, and small-signal gain. The absorption feature's homogeneity was probed using a tunable pump source which qualitatively showed that the barium broadened lines were at least partly inhomogeneous. Each of these materials lased with a variety of output couplers. This family of materials was found to provide suitable laser hosts where a broader absorption and/or emission bandwidth is desired

Published in:

IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics  (Volume:35 ,  Issue: 4 )