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Energy-transfer upconversion and thermal lensing in high-power end-pumped Nd:YLF laser crystals

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5 Author(s)
Hardman, P.J. ; Optoelectron. Res. Centre, Southampton Univ., UK ; Clarkson, W.A. ; Friel, G.J. ; Pollnau, M.
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Thermal lensing in an end-pumped Nd:LiYF4 rod, under lasing and nonlasing conditions, has been investigated. Under lasing conditions, a weak thermal lens, with dioptric power varying linearly with pump power, was observed. Under nonlasing conditions, where higher inversion densities were involved, hence relevant to Q-switched operation or operation as an amplifier, a much stronger thermal lens was measured, whose power increased nonlinearly with pump power. This difference has been attributed to the increased heat deposition due to the subsequent multiphonon decay following various interionic upconversion processes, which increase strongly under nonlasing conditions, and is further exacerbated by the unfavorable temperature dependencies of heat conductivity and the rate of change of the refractive index with temperature. A strategy for reducing upconversion and its associated thermal loading, without degrading laser performance, is discussed

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Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:35 ,  Issue: 4 )