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Controlling the microwave amplitude in optically pumped cesium beam frequency standards

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4 Author(s)
C. Audoin ; CNRS, Univ. de Paris-Sud, Orsay, France ; F. Hamouda ; L. Chassagne ; R. Barillet

Assuming square wave frequency modulation, the response, versus the amplitude of the microwave field, of an optically pumped cesium beam tube is considered. The properties of the first maximum of this response are analyzed. The effect of the neighboring lines is taken into consideration, and a model of the profile of the microwave field in each interaction region is validated. A symmetry property of the response considered is pointed out. It enables us to implement a feedback control of the microwave amplitude with a large depth of the amplitude modulation. Residual frequency offsets that may occur as a consequence of a spurious amplitude modulation correlated with the frequency modulation are assessed. And, with a cavity designed such that /spl sigma/=/spl pi/ between the two oscillatory fields, it also is possible to measure the microwave amplitude at the first maximum of the sole contribution of the reference atomic line.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 2 )