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The connection between rhythmicity and brain function

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4 Author(s)
Thaut, M.H. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO, USA ; Kenyon, G.P. ; Schauer, M.L. ; McIntosh, G.C.

We first present some clinical research results involving rhythmic facilitation and motor control. We then discuss synchronization strategies for sensorimotor coupling pertaining to rhythmic entrainment mechanisms; followed by trajectory cuing and optimization models as they relate to rhythmic entrainment and movement control; and, finally, the outlook for applications that may help rehabilitate motor function. Our interest in the study of the connections between rhythm, time, and the control of movement was stimulated from three directions: (a) the study of high-level motor control in musicians and the effect of rhythmic cues on muscle activity in cello performance; (b) the evidence that auditory rhythmic patterns exert a strong magnet effect on the timing of motor responses; and (c) the clinical observation that music-therapy techniques that were originally designed for socio-emotional needs elicited motor responses in neurologically impaired patients that were not readily accessible by other therapies.

Published in:

Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, IEEE  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 2 )