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Aseismic designs based on artificial simulations

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2 Author(s)
Jun-Jie Wang ; Tongji Univ., Shanghai, China ; Jing Zhou

It is commonly believed that the time-varying frequency characteristics are important for the inelastic response of structures. Design code modification means structural cost changes; therefore any change must be based on solid evidence. Although the significance of time-varying frequency characteristics to ground motion has been recognized for a while, much more in-depth research is necessary before any meaningful engineering design conclusions can be reached. We apply joint time-frequency analysis techniques to a fully non-stationary ground motion model, with both intensity and frequency being non-stationary. The chirplet-based signal approximation is used to extract the time-varying frequencies from seismic ground-motion data samples. Based on that information, we compute the frequency-dependent modulating function in the stochastic model of the evolutionary random process. We generate and compare the artificial waves based on stochastic models of a uniform modulating random process and an evolutionary random process, separately. We also investigate the importance of the time-varying frequency characteristics of earthquake ground motion through an oscillator, with a single degree of freedom and elastic-plastic material behavior

Published in:

Signal Processing Magazine, IEEE  (Volume:16 ,  Issue: 2 )