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Joint time-frequency analysis

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2 Author(s)

It has been well understood that a given signal can be represented in an infinite number of different ways. Different signal representations can be used for different applications. For example, signals obtained from most engineering applications are usually functions of time. But when studying or designing the system, we often like to study signals and systems in the frequency domain. Although the frequency content of the majority of signals in the real world evolves over time, the classical power spectrum does not reveal such important information. In order to overcome this problem, many alternatives, such as the Gabor (1946) expansion, wavelets, and time-dependent spectra, have been developed and widely studied. In contrast to the classical time and frequency analysis, we name these new techniques joint time-frequency analysis. We introduce the basic concepts and well-tested algorithms for joint time-frequency analysis. Analogous to the classical Fourier analysis, we roughly partition this article into two parts: the linear (e.g., short-time Fourier transform, Gabor expansion) and the quadratic transforms (e.g., Wigner-Ville (1932, 1948) distribution). Finally, we introduce the so-called model-based (or parametric) time-frequency analysis method

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Signal Processing Magazine, IEEE  (Volume:16 ,  Issue: 2 )