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Variable-rate trellis source encoding

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2 Author(s)
En-hui Yang ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Waterloo Univ., Ont., Canada ; Zhang, Z.

The fixed slope lossy algorithm derived from the kth-order adaptive arithmetic codeword length function is extended to finite-state decoders or trellis-structured decoders. When this algorithm is used to encode a stationary, ergodic source with a continuous alphabet, the Lagrangian performance converges with probability one to a quantity computable as the infimum of an information-theoretic functional over a set of auxiliary random variables and reproduction levels, where λ>0 and -λ are designated to be the slope of the rate distortion function R(D) of the source at some D; the quantity is close to R(D)+λD when the order k used in the arithmetic coding or the number of states in the decoders is large enough, An alternating minimization algorithm for computing the quantity is presented; this algorithm is based on a training sequence and in turn gives rise to a design algorithm for variable-rate trellis source codes. The resulting variable-rate trellis source codes are very efficient in low-rate regions. With k=8, the mean-squared error encoding performance at the rate 1/2 bits/sample for memoryless Gaussian sources is comparable to that afforded by trellis-coded quantizers; with k=8 and the number of states in the decoder=32, the mean-squared error encoding performance at the rate 1/2 bits/sample for memoryless Laplacian sources is about 1 dB better than that afforded by the trellis-coded quantizers with 256 states, with k=8 and the number of states in the decoder=256, the mean-squared error encoding performance at the rates of a fraction of 1 bit/sample for highly dependent Gauss-Markov sources with correlation coefficient 0.9 is within about 0.6 dB of the distortion rate function

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Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 2 )