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We experimentally demonstrate dynamic dispersion compensation using a novel nonlinearly chirped fiber Bragg grating in a 10-Gb/s system. A single piezoelectric transducer continuously tunes the induced dispersion from 300 to 1000 ps/nm. The system achieves a bit-error rate=10/sup -9/ after both 50 and 104 km of single-mode fiber by dynamically tuning the dispersion of the grating between 500 and 1000 ps/nm, respectively. The power penalty after 104 km is reduced from 3.5 to <1 dB.