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Volume estimation by wavelet transform of Doppler heart sound during venous air embolism in dogs

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5 Author(s)
Chan, F.H.Y. ; Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Hong Kong Univ., Hong Kong ; Chan, B.C.B. ; Lui, P.W. ; Poon, P.W.F.
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The Doppler heart sound signals detected by the precordial Doppler ultrasound method under simulated sub clinical and clinically significant venous air embolism were studied in anesthetized dogs. Signal processing using wavelet transform enhanced the contrast of embolic to normal signal, facilitating automatic detection and extraction of embolic signal simply by thresholding. Linear relationship of good correlation coefficient was obtained in log-log scale between the subclinical volume of injected air and the corresponding embolic signal power in all dogs. The calibration curve was found to be good estimate of the volume of embolic air during simulated clinically significant venous air embolism. Hence, we overcame the need of constant human attention for detecting venous air embolism and the lack of quantitative information on the volume of embolic air in the traditional precordial Doppler ultrasound method by the present approach

Published in:

Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 1998. Proceedings of the 20th Annual International Conference of the IEEE  (Volume:3 )

Date of Conference:

29 Oct-1 Nov 1998