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Modeling and control of impact in mechanical systems: theory and experimental results

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1 Author(s)
Tornambe, A. ; Dipt. di Discipline Sci., Terza Univ. di Roma, Italy

Considers the equations of motion of mechanical systems subject to inequality constraints, which can be obtained by looking for the stationary value of the action integral. Two different methods are used to take into account the inequality constraints in the computation of the stationary value of the action integral: the Valentine variables method and the penalty functions method. The equations of motion resulting from the application of the Valentine variables method, which introduces the concept of “nonsmooth” impacts, constitute the exact model of the constrained mechanical system; such a model is suitable to be employed when the impacting parts of the actual mechanical system are very stiff. The equations of motion resulting from the application of the penalty functions method, which introduces the concept of “smooth impacts,” constitute an approximate model of the constrained mechanical system; such a model is suitable to be employed when the impacting parts of the actual mechanical system show some flexibility. Various feedback control laws from the natural outputs and from their time derivatives are studied with reference to both models of impact; the closed-loop systems resulting from the application of the same control law to both models show pretty much the same global asymptotic stability properties. The proposed control laws are only concerned with regulation problems in the presence of possible contacts and impacts among parts of the mechanical system or with the external environment. The effectiveness of the proposed control structure has been tested experimentally with reference to a single-link robot arm, showing a valuable behavior

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Automatic Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 2 )