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Interconnect optimization strategies for high-performance VLSI designs

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3 Author(s)
Kahng, A.B. ; Silicon Graphics Comput. Syst., Mountain View, CA, USA ; Muddu, S. ; Sarto, E.

Interconnect tuning and repeater insertion are necessary to optimize interconnect delay, signal performance and integrity, and interconnect manufacturability and reliability. Repeater insertion in interconnects is an increasingly important element in the physical design of high-performance VLSI systems. By interconnect tuning, we refer to the selection of line thicknesses, widths and spacings in multi-layer interconnect to simultaneously optimize signal distribution, signal performance, signal integrity, and interconnect manufacturability and reliability. This is a key activity in most leading-edge design projects, but has received little attention in the literature. Our work provides the first technology-specific studies of interconnect tuning in the literature. We center on global wiring layers and interconnect tuning issues related to bus routing, repeater insertion, and choice of shielding/spacing rules for signal integrity and performance. We address four basic questions. (1) How should width and spacing be allocated to maximize performance for a given line pitch? (2) For a given line pitch, what criteria affect the optimal interval at which repeaters should be inserted into global interconnects? (3) Under what circumstances are shield wires the optimum technique for improving interconnect performance? (4) In global interconnect with repeaters, what other interconnect tuning is possible? Our study of question (4) demonstrates a new approach of offsetting repeater placements that can reduce worst-case cross-chip delays by over 30% in current technologies

Published in:

VLSI Design, 1999. Proceedings. Twelfth International Conference On

Date of Conference:

7-10 Jan 1999

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