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Chromatic aberration of an air-coupled ultrasonic Fresnel zone-plate

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3 Author(s)
D. W. Schindel ; Inst. for Aerosp. Res., Nat. Res. Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ont., Canada ; A. G. Bashford ; D. A. Hutchins

A micromachined Fresnel zone-plate has been used to focus ultrasonic waves in air over a range of frequencies (450 to 900 kHz). The zone-plate was mounted upon a planar micromachined air-coupled capacitance transducer, which was capable of generating toneburst ultrasonic waves in air over a wide frequency bandwidth (<100 kHz to 2 MHz). A second air-coupled capacitance detector (apertured to 200 /spl mu/m) was scanned in the field of the zone-plate source in order to image the generated ultrasonic field at various frequencies of operation. It was found that the /spl sim/680 /spl mu/m spot size of the experimental zone-plate did not vary appreciably with changing frequency, whereas the focal length increased markedly with increasing frequency (from /spl sim/5 mm at 450 kHz up to /spl sim/15 mm at 900 kHz). These findings are shown to be in excellent agreement with previously reported theoretical predictions by the authors.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 1 )