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Design of multiplierless elliptic IIR filters with a small quantization error

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2 Author(s)
Milic, L.D. ; Mihajlo Pupin Inst., Belgrade, Serbia ; Lutovac, M.D.

We present a new technique for the design of multiplierless IIR elliptic filters. The multiplierless filter has all multiplication constants implemented with a small number of shifters and adders. The proposed technique is based on sensitivity analysis. An analytical expression for amplitude response sensitivity is derived for the filter structures consisting of two allpass subfilters in parallel. It is shown that the amplitude response sensitivity to some constant x can be expressed as a product of the filter reflectance function and the phase sensitivity of the allpass section that implements the constant. The closed-form expressions for the phase sensitivities of the first- and second-order allpass sections are also developed. It is shown in the paper that the (n+1)/2 most sensitive constants can be directly controlled by the transfer function parameters if the transfer function is derived by the bilinear transformation from an elliptic minimal Q-factors (EMQF) analog prototype. This way, (n+1)/2 multiplication constants can be implemented without quantization, leaving the filter characteristic strictly elliptic. This is achieved for a class of low-noise allpass sections and for the wave lattice digital filter as well. The quantization of the remaining (n-1)/2 less-sensitive constants is performed using the phase-tolerance scheme and phase-sensitivity functions. The proposed design technique is straight-forward and, consequently, very fast. The application is demonstrated on the examples of narrowband, wideband, and halfband filters

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Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:47 ,  Issue: 2 )