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Multitarget detection/tracking for monostatic ground penetrating radar: application to pavement profiling

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2 Author(s)
Spagnolini, U. ; Dipt. di Elettronica e Inf., Politecnico di Milano, Italy ; Rampa, V.

Monostatic ground penetrating radar (GPR) has proven to be a useful technique in pavement profiling. In road and highway pavements, layer thickness and permittivity of asphalt and concrete can be estimated by using an inverse scattering approach. Layer-stripping inversion refers to the iterative estimation of layer properties from amplitude and time of delay (TOD) of echoes after their detection. This method is attractive for real-time implementation, in that accuracy is improved by reducing false alarms. To make layer stripping useful, a multitarget detection/tracking (D/T) algorithm is proposed. It exploits the lateral continuity of echoes arising from a multilayered medium. Interface D/T means that both detection and tracking are employed simultaneously (not sequentially). For each scan, both detection of the target and tracking of the corresponding TOD of the backscattered echoes are based on the evaluated a posteriori probability density. The TOD is then estimated by using the maximum a posteriori (MAP) or the minimum mean square error (MMSE) criterion. The statistical properties of a scan are related to those of the neighboring ones by assuming, for the interface, a first-order Markov model

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:37 ,  Issue: 1 )