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A multistep approach for shape similarity search in image databases

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3 Author(s)
Ankerst, M. ; Inst. for Comput. Sci., Munchen Univ., Germany ; Kriegel, H.-P. ; Seidl, T.

Shape similarity searching is a crucial task in image databases, particularly in the presence of errors induced by segmentation or scanning images. The resulting slight displacements or rotations have not been considered so far in the literature. We present a new similarity model that flexibly addresses this problem. By specifying neighborhood influence weights, the user may adapt the similarity distance functions to his or her own requirements or preferences. Technically, the new similarity model is based on quadratic forms for which we present a multi-step query processing architecture, particularly for high dimensions as they occur in image databases. Our algorithm to reduce the dimensionality of quadratic form-based similarity queries results in a lower-bounding distance function that is proven to provide an optimal filter selectivity. Experiments on our test database of 10,000 images demonstrate the applicability and the performance of our approach, even in dimensions as high as 1,024

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Knowledge and Data Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:10 ,  Issue: 6 )