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Properties of minimum cross-entropy reconstruction of emission tomography with anatomically based prior

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3 Author(s)
Som, S. ; Dept. of Appl. Phys., Univ. of Technol., Sydney, NSW, Australia ; Hutton, B.F. ; Braun, M.

The authors have studied the properties of a minimum cross-entropy (MXE) algorithm for emission tomography reconstruction with anatomical prior images. MXE is implemented with two terms: a maximum likelihood expectation maximization term and a penalty term for regularization within anatomically defined boundaries. The relative emphasis put on the two competing terms is controlled by the regularization constant β. Edge resolution and noise level were compared for reconstructions with and without corresponding prior image. The prior lends to significant edge enhancement with edge resolution converging to a lower limit independent of β. Normalized standard deviation (NSD) and resolution both illustrate that regularization within boundaries behaves predictably with more smoothing for larger β. Application of ordered subsets (OS) was also investigated. For OS, edge enhancement is fully preserved but NSD increases for low subset size. Results demonstrate that OS is applicable to MXE provided subset size is greater than 4. OS-MXE has appealing properties for regularized reconstruction

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 6 )