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Parallel structures for joint channel estimation and data detection over fading channels

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3 Author(s)
M. J. Omidi ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Toronto Univ., Ont., Canada ; P. G. Gulak ; S. Pasupathy

Joint data and channel estimation for mobile communication receivers can be realized by employing a Viterbi detector along with channel estimators which estimate the channel impulse response. The behavior of the channel estimator has a strong impact on the overall error rate performance of the receiver. Kalman filtering is an optimum channel estimation technique which can lead to significant improvement in the receiver bit error rate (BER) performance. However, a Kalman filter is a complex algorithm and is sensitive to roundoff errors. Square-root implementation methods are required for robustness against numerical errors. Real-time computation of the Kalman estimator in a mobile communication receiver calls for parallel and pipelined structures to take advantage of the inherent parallelism in the algorithm. In this paper different implementation methods are considered for measurement update and time update equations of the Kalman filter. The unit-lower-triangular-diagonal (LD) correction algorithm is used for the time update equations, and systolic array structures are proposed for its implementation. For the overall implementation of joint data and channel estimation, parallel structures are proposed to perform both the Viterbi algorithm and channel estimation. Simulation results show the numerical stability of different implementation techniques and the number of bits required in the digital computations with different estimators

Published in:

IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications  (Volume:16 ,  Issue: 9 )