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Analysis and design of trellis codes optimized for a binary symmetric Markov source with MAP detection

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2 Author(s)
Kroll, J.M. ; 3Com''s Carrier Syst. Div., Mount Prospect, IL, USA ; Phamdo, N.C.

We consider the problem of transmitting a binary symmetric Markov source (BSMS), over the additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel. The coding technique considered is trellis-coded modulation (TCM), where we utilize decoders which implement the maximum-likelihood (ML) and maximum a posteriori (MAP) criteria. Employing 8-PSK Ungerboeck codes on a BSMS with state transition probability 0.1, we first show that the MAP decoder realizes a 0.8-2.1-dB coding gain over the ML decoder. Motivated by these gains, we consider the design of trellis codes optimized for the BSMS/AWGN/MAP system. An approximate union bound is established for this system. Using this bound, we found codes which exhibit additional 0.4-1.1-dB gains over Ungerboeck codes. Finally, we compare the proposed TCM system with a tandem coding system. At normalized signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of 10.8 dB and below, the proposed system significantly outperforms the tandem system

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Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 7 )