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Short tail lightning impulse behaviour of medium voltage line insulation

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4 Author(s)

Insulation failure in medium voltage (10-20 kV) and electric traction lines (3 kV DC) is mainly due to indirect and direct lightning strokes to the lines. The overvoltages stressing the insulation have an impulse shape with a very short tail, much shorter than the standard 1.2/50 μs wave. The paper presents the results of experimental tests performed with a 1.2/4 μs wave, on air gaps and insulators in use in the lines under consideration. The flashover probability distributions and the voltage-time to breakdown characteristics under 1.2/4 μs waves determined are presented and compared with the 1.2/50 μs

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Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 1 )