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Image segmentation and analysis via multiscale gradient watershed hierarchies

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1 Author(s)
Gauch, J.M. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Kansas Univ., Lawrence, KS, USA

Multiscale image analysis has been used successfully in a number of applications to classify image features according to their relative scales. As a consequence, much has been learned about the scale-space behavior of intensity extrema, edges, intensity ridges, and grey-level blobs. We investigate the multiscale behavior of gradient watershed regions. These regions are defined in terms of the gradient properties of the gradient magnitude of the original image. Boundaries of gradient watershed regions correspond to the edges of objects in an image. Multiscale analysis of intensity minima in the gradient magnitude image provides a mechanism for imposing a scale-based hierarchy on the watersheds associated with these minima. This hierarchy can be used to label watershed boundaries according to their scale. This provides valuable insight into the multiscale properties of edges in an image without following these curves through scale-space. In addition, the gradient watershed region hierarchy can be used for automatic or interactive image segmentation. By selecting subtrees of the region hierarchy, visually sensible objects in an image can be easily constructed

Published in:

Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

Jan 1999

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