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Performance analysis of Viterbi decoder using channel state information in COFDM system

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4 Author(s)
Weon-Cheol Lee ; DTV Res. Lab., LG Electron. Inc, Seoul, South Korea ; Hyung-Mo Park ; Kyung-Jin Kang ; Kuen-Bae Kim

This paper relates to the application method of channel state information (CSI) to the Viterbi (maximum likelihood) decoder in the digital terrestrial television broadcasting system. The proposed Viterbi decoder uses the CSI derived from the pilots inserted in the transmitter of the COFDM (coded orthogonal frequency division multiplexing) system. The CSI is calculated by interpolation using the pilots in the receiver. The active real (I) and imaginary (Q) data after equalization are transferred to the branch metric calculation block that decides the euclidean distance for soft decision decoding and also the estimated CSI values are transferred to the same block. After calculating the euclidean distance for the soft decision decoding, the euclidean distance of the branch metric is multiplied by CSI. To do so, new branch metric values that consider each carrier state information are obtained. We simulated this method in Rayleigh fading defined in the ETSI standard. From the simulation, this method has better performance of about 0.15 dB to 0.7 dB and 2.2 dB to 2.9 dB in the Rayleigh channel than that of conventional soft decision Viterbi decoding with or without a bit interleaver where the constellation is QPSK, l6-QAM and 64-QAM

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Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 4 )