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Fixed-point optimization utility for C and C++ based digital signal processing programs

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3 Author(s)
Seehyun Kim ; Sch. of Electr. Eng., Seoul Nat. Univ., South Korea ; Ki-Il Kum ; Wonyong Sung

Fixed-point optimization utility software is developed that can aid scaling and wordlength determination of digital signal processing algorithms written in C or C++. This utility consists of two programs: the range estimator and the fixed-point simulator. The former estimates the ranges of floating-point variables for purposes of automatic scaling, and the latter translates floating-point programs into fixed-point equivalents to evaluate the fixed-point performance by simulation. By exploiting the operator overloading characteristics of C++, the range estimation and the fixed-point simulation can be conducted by simply modifying the variable declaration of the original program. This utility is easily applicable to nearly all types of digital signal processing programs including nonlinear, time-varying, multirate, and multidimensional signal processing algorithms. In addition, this software can be used to compare the fixed-point characteristics of different implementation architectures. An optimization example for an 8×8 inverse discrete cosine transform (IDCT) architecture that conforms to the IEEE standard specifications is presented. The optimized results require 8% fewer gates when compared with the previous best implementation

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Circuits and Systems II: Analog and Digital Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 11 )