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A general weighted median filter structure admitting negative weights

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1 Author(s)
Arce, G.R. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Delaware Univ., Newark, DE, USA

Weighted median smoothers, which were introduced by Edgemore in the context of least absolute regression over 100 years ago, have received considerable attention in signal processing during the past two decades. Although weighted median smoothers offer advantages over traditional linear finite impulse response (FIR) filters, it is shown in this paper that they lack the flexibility to adequately address a number of signal processing problems. In fact, weighted median smoothers are analogous to normalized FIR linear filters constrained to have only positive weights. It is also shown that much like the mean is generalized to the rich class of linear FIR filters, the median can be generalized to a richer class of filters admitting positive and negative weights. The generalization follows naturally and is surprisingly simple. In order to analyze and design this class of filters, a new threshold decomposition theory admitting real-valued input signals is developed. The new threshold decomposition framework is then used to develop fast adaptive algorithms to optimally design the real-valued filter coefficients. The new weighted median filter formulation leads to significantly more powerful estimators capable of effectively addressing a number of fundamental problems in signal processing that could not adequately be addressed by prior weighted median smoother structures

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Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 12 )