Scheduled System Maintenance:
On Monday, April 27th, IEEE Xplore will undergo scheduled maintenance from 1:00 PM - 3:00 PM ET (17:00 - 19:00 UTC). No interruption in service is anticipated.
By Topic

Recent progress in vertical cavity surface emitting lasers

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

1 Author(s)
Ebeling, K.J. ; Dept. of Optoelectron., Ulm Univ., Germany

Efficient VCSELs are available in the 750 to 1050 nm wavelength range. Devices are based on InAlGaAs materials and MOVPE or MBE crystal growth. Typically, modulation doped, low resistance AlGaAs Bragg reflectors are monolithically integrated with one wavelength thick quantum well containing active layers.

Published in:

Semiconductor Laser Conference, 1998. ISLC 1998 NARA. 1998 IEEE 16th International

Date of Conference:

4-8 Oct. 1998