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Adaptive stator resistance compensator for high performance direct torque controlled induction motor drives

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2 Author(s)
Byeong-Seok Lee ; Bradley Dept. of Electr. Eng., Virginia Polytech. Inst. & State Univ., Blacksburg, VA, USA ; R. Krishnan

Direct torque control (DTC) has drawn the attention of the motor drives designers because its implementation requires no position sensor. Crucial to the success of this scheme is the estimation of electromagnetic torque and stator flux linkages using the measured stator voltages and currents. The estimation is dependent only on one machine parameter, stator resistance. The variation of the stator resistance, which is usually in the range of 0.75-1.7 times its nominal value, deteriorates the performance of the drive by introducing errors in the estimated flux linkage's magnitude and its position and hence in the electromagnetic torque. Resistance change also skews the torque linearity thus making the motor drive a less than ideal torque amplifier. Parameter compensation using stator current phasor error has been proposed in literature. To obtain the stator current phasor error, the stator current reference is required which is not usually available in direct torque control schemes. An analytical derivation of the stator current phasor reference is derived systematically from the reference electromagnetic torque and flux linkages. The error between the stator current phasor reference and its measured value is a measure of the stator resistance variation from its set value. For the first time, it is demonstrated in this paper that the DTC motor drive system can become unstable when the set value of the stator resistance in the controller is higher than the stator resistance in the machine. Hence parameter adaptation is not only important for torque linearity but also for stability of the system is shown in this paper.

Published in:

Industry Applications Conference, 1998. Thirty-Third IAS Annual Meeting. The 1998 IEEE  (Volume:1 )

Date of Conference:

12-15 Oct. 1998