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Super-resolution processing for HF surface wave radar based on pre-whitened MUSIC

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3 Author(s)
Junhao Xie ; Dept. of Radio Eng., Harbin Inst. of Technol., China ; Yeshu Yuan ; Yongtan Liu

Owing to the decametric wavelength, the angular resolution of high-frequency surface wave radar (HFSWR) is usually coarse, especially when dimensions of antenna arrays are restricted such as in shipborne HFSWR applications. In this paper, the relative strength of atmospheric noise and sea clutter that will heavily degrade the capabilities of HFSWR in target detection and resolution are calculated, then a method for estimating the spatial covariance matrix of background noise is presented. By introducing a pre-whitening procedure in multiple signal classification (MUSIC), the resolution performance of MUSIC is enhanced in spatially colored noise environment. Results with data from the aircraft detecting experiment conducted by the Research Institute of Electronic Engineering of Harbin Institute of Technology in 1994 and simulated data of two targets show that pre-whitened MUSIC can provide a better resolution and accurate determination of target number. Furthermore, a post-processing method is proposed to eliminate the sidelobe of spatial spectrum arising from the estimation errors of a noise covariance matrix

Published in:

Oceanic Engineering, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:23 ,  Issue: 4 )