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On-line motion planning for medical applications

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6 Author(s)
Burghart, C. ; Inst. for Process Control & Robotics, Karlsruhe Univ., Germany ; Wurll, C. ; Henrich, D. ; Raczkowsky, J.
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Enhancing the quality of surgical interventions is one of the main goals of surgical robotics. Thus we have devised a surgical robotic system for maxillofacial surgery which can be used as an intelligent intraoperative surgical tool. Up to now a surgeon preoperatively plans an intervention by studying two dimensional X-rays, thus neglecting the third dimension. In the course of the special research programme “Computer and Sensor Aided Surgery” a planning system has been developed at our institute, which allows the surgeon to plan an operation on a three dimensional computer model of the patient. Transposing the preoperatively planned bone cuts, bore holes, cavities, and milled surfaces during surgery still proves to be a problem, as no adequate means are at hand: the actual performance of the surgical intervention and the surgical outcome solely depend on the experience and the skill of the operating surgeon. In this paper we present our approach of a surgical robotic system to be used in maxillofacial surgery. Special stress is being laid upon the modelling of the environment in the operating theatre and the motion planning of our surgical robot

Published in:

Industrial Electronics Society, 1998. IECON '98. Proceedings of the 24th Annual Conference of the IEEE  (Volume:4 )

Date of Conference:

31 Aug-4 Sep 1998