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Detection and diagnosis of sensor and actuator failures using IMM estimator

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2 Author(s)
Youmin Zhang ; Dept. of Autom. Control, Northwestern Polytech. Univ., Xian, China ; Rong Li, X.

An approach to detection and diagnosis of multiple failures in a dynamic system is proposed. It is based on the interacting multiple-model (IMM) estimation algorithm, which is one of the most cost-effective adaptive estimation techniques for systems involving structural as well as parametric changes. The proposed approach provides an integrated framework for fault detection, diagnosis, and state estimation. It is able to detect and isolate multiple faults substantially more quickly and more reliably than many existing approaches. Its superiority is illustrated in two aircraft examples for single and double faults of both sensors and actuators, in the forms of “total”, “partial”, and simultaneous failures. Both deterministic and random fault scenarios are designed and used for testing and comparing the performance fairly. Some new performance indices are presented. The robustness of the proposed approach to the design of model transition probabilities, fault modeling errors, and the uncertainties of noise statistics are also evaluated

Published in:

Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:34 ,  Issue: 4 )

Date of Publication:

Oct 1998

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